Namibia moves ahead on green hydrogen project, with German investors
Hyphen Hydrogen Energy has agreed a deal with the government of Namibia for the next phase of a $10 billion green hydrogen project that will export to Europe once complete, the two parties said on Wednesday (24 May).
Hyphen, whose shareholders include Germany-headquartered Enertrag, was announced as the preferred bidder in 2021 for the project in the Namib Desert’s Tsau Khaeb National Park.
The feasibility and implementation agreement will be officially signed on Friday, officials said, as some community activists raised concerns over a perceived lack of transparency around the huge deal that costs as much as the country’s gross domestic product.
“On Friday… we kick-start a process that has the potential to transform the lives of many in our country, the region and indeed the world,” Namibia’s President Hage Geingob said in a statement.
The plant, to be built in phases, will eventually produce 2 million tonnes of green ammonia a year for regional and global markets when it reaches full-scale output, which is anticipated before 2030.
Green hydrogen is made using renewable energy.
Namibia, one of the world’s sunniest and most sparsely populated countries, wants to harness its potential for solar and wind energy to produce green hydrogen and position itself as a renewable energy hub in Africa.
In November last year, Namibia concluded a strategic partnership with the European Union on sustainable raw materials and renewable hydrogen at the COP27 climate summit in Egypt.
According to the EU, the partnership will promote local value addition in Namibia by supporting the development of the mining and renewable hydrogen value chains. It followed a similar partnership signed between the EU and Kazakhstan the day before.
EU plans hydrogen deal with Namibia as it pulls away from Russian energy
The European Union is planning a deal with Namibia to support the country’s nascent green hydrogen sector and boost its own imports of the fuel, EU and Namibian officials said, as the bloc works to reduce its dependence on Russian energy.
But it remains to be seen whether the water-scarce country, relatively far away from key export markets, will be able to deliver a cost competitive product in an emerging global hydrogen sector, said analysts.
“Another big issue is a lack of transparency on the deal and how Hyphen was selected,” said Frederico Links, coordinator of a project that tracks public procurement at Namibia’s Institute for Public Policy Research.
Rejecting any suggestion of a lack of transparency, a Hyphen spokesperson said the tender process was open to all bidders and subject to a rigorous adjudication process.
Over the past year, Hyphen has signed memoranda of understanding with a number of potential European customers, to which it aims to supply about 750,000 tonnes of green ammonia annually, it said.
Earlier this month, it also signed a letter of intent with Koole Terminals covering the proposed import of green ammonia into Europe from the Port of Rotterdam in the Netherlands.
“Namibia has the potential to become one of the main renewable energy hubs on the African continent and world-wide,” President of the European Commission Ursula von der Leyen said in the same statement.
EU aims to make Africa a world champion in hydrogen exports
Europe wants to get out of fossil fuels and build a hydrogen economy. Without enough internal supplies, it is looking to import large quantities of hydrogen from countries in the Global South. EURACTIV Germany reports.