EU proposes extending energy crisis measure to curb gas demand
The European Commission on Monday (20 March) proposed that EU countries extend for a year an emergency measure to curb gas demand for the next 12 months, to help prepare Europe to get through next winter with scarce Russian gas.
Europe is emerging from winter with a more stable energy supply than was feared last year, after Russia cut off most gas supplies in the months following its invasion of Ukraine – squeezing supply and triggering record-high prices.
The Commission said countries should extend, from April until March 2024, a voluntary target to curb their gas demand by 15% versus their 2017-2022 average consumption. The target was due to expire at the end of March.
EU countries slashed their combined gas use by 19% from August to January 2023 helped by an unusually warm winter.
Soaring prices helped curb industrial output and the EU and national governments encouraged consumers to reduce their energy consumption.
As a result, Europe is approaching the end of winter with unusually high levels of gas in storage.
They also have a more stable supply outlook after rapidly expanding renewable energy to help displace Russian gas and building infrastructure to take in imports of fuel from alternative suppliers.
EU slashed gas consumption by 20% in August-November: Eurostat
European countries collectively reduced their gas consumption by 20.1% compared to the average of the same months between 2017 and 2021, according to figures released on Tuesday (20 December) by Eurostat, the EU’s statistics body.
Preparing for next winter
Risks remain, including cold weather or increased Chinese gas demand which could reduce supply available for European buyers.
The Commission said continued gas demand curbs are needed if countries are to fill their gas storage to 90% of capacity by November – a binding target EU countries agreed last year to help avert winter shortages.
“Our collective efforts on gas demand reduction have been key to get through this winter safely,” said Kadri Simson, the EU’s energy commissioner, who noted the “good progress” made on supply diversification and reducing dependency on Russia.
However, global gas markets are expected to remain tight over the coming months, she added, saying “continued gas demand reduction will ensure our preparedness for the next winter and allow us to reach more easily the 90% gas storage target by 1 November”.
EU energy ministers will discuss the target at a meeting in Brussels on 28 March.
Officials said not all countries are on board with extending the measure – though as it required support from EU member states representing at least 65% of the bloc’s total population, some said it appeared likely to win approval.
EU-27 approves demand gas reduction plan after power struggle with Brussels
EU energy ministers greenlit a plan on Tuesday (26 July) to reduce gas consumption and prepare for potential disruptions to Russian gas flows after a power struggle with the European Commission over who could implement mandatory targets.