May 17. 2021. 4:34

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Covid-19: India reports record surge in cases amid vaccine shortages

A woman gets a dose of a Covid-19 vaccine in New Delhi, India. Some 11 million have received two doses in India as the country tries to build immunity to protect its population of nearly 1.4 billion people. File photograph: EPA


India has recorded its highest-ever number of daily Covid-19 cases as its fight to curtail a renewed wave of infections is beset by vaccine shortages in several states and cities, including Mumbai.

New coronavirus cases in India hit a daily record of 126,789 on Thursday, as prime minister Narendra Modi got his second vaccine dose and urged others to follow suit, saying “vaccination is among the few ways we have to defeat the virus”.

India has recorded 12.8 million Covid-19 cases since the start of the pandemic, the most after the United States and Brazil. It started its vaccination drive in January, and so far more than 90 million health workers and those aged over 45 have received at least one dose.

Only 11 million have received both doses as the country tries to build immunity to protect its population of nearly 1.4 billion people.

Dozens of cities and towns are imposing night curfews to try to contain the surge but the federal government has refused to impose a second nationwide lockdown for fear of hurting the economy.

Fatalities related to Covid-19 rose by 685 in India in the past 24 hours, the highest since November.

The western state of Maharashtra, the worst hit in the country, accounted for nearly 47 per cent of new infections.

New Zealand

New Zealand on Thursday temporarily suspended entry for all travellers from India, including its own citizens, for about two weeks following a high number of positive coronavirus cases arriving from the south Asian country.

The move comes after New Zealand recorded 23 new positive coronavirus cases at its border on Thursday, of which 17 were from India.

The suspension will start from 4pm local time on April 11th and will be in place until April 28th. During this time the government will look at risk management measures to resume travel.

The suspension applies to anyone who has been in India during the past 14 days. It is the first time that New Zealand has extended any bar on entry to its own citizens and residents.

“I want to emphasise that while arrivals of Covid from India has prompted this measure, we are looking at how we manage high-risk points of departure generally. This is not a country-specific risk assessment,” prime minister Jacinda Ardern said.

New Zealand has virtually eliminated the virus within its borders, and has not reported any community transmission locally for about 40 days. But it has been reviewing its border settings as more infected people have been arriving recently, most of them from India.

Pre-departure testing requirements reduced the number of positive cases coming from other countries but that’s not been the case with India, Ms Ardern said. “We have looked into whether or not we have issues with accuracy of the pre-departure tests.”

New Zealand on Thursday also reported one new locally-infected case in a worker who was employed at a coronavirus managed isolation facility.

Philippines

Philippine health authorities suspended on Thursday the use of AstraZeneca’s Covid-19 vaccine for people below 60 years of age to investigate reports of blood clots coming from overseas.

The temporary suspension came after the European Medicines Agency recommended to include blood clots as a rare side effect of the vaccine, Food and Drug Administration chief Rolando Enrique Domingo said in a statement, adding that there were no reports of such adverse side effects in the country.

The Philippines has so far received 525,600 doses of AstraZeneca’s vaccines, about a fifth of the country’s total inventory, through the Covax scheme which aims to guarantee fair and equitable access to vaccines for every country in the world.

Its decision follows the UK vaccination advisory body’s recommendation to offer an alternative vaccine to the AstraZeneca jab to healthy adults under the age of 30 if there is one available in their area. Germany, France, Belgium and Spain have also opted to restrict the vaccine to older groups, while other countries, such as Norway and the Netherlands, have suspended it entirely. Meanwhile, Austria’s national vaccine panel recommended the country keep using AstraZeneca’s vaccine for all age groups and genders. The benefits still outweighed the risk of the vaccine in all populations, the body said in a statement.

Japan

Japan’s western region of Osaka cancelled Olympic torch events scheduled across the region, as record coronavirus infections prompted its government to declare a medical emergency.

Health authorities fear a virus variant is unleashing a fourth wave of infections just 107 days before the Tokyo Olympics begin, with a vaccination drive still at an early stage.

Osaka governor Hirofumi Yoshimura said the street runs would be cancelled, adding that the medical system faced enormous strain as a more infectious variant sent cases skyrocketing among young people.

The prefecture reported 878 new infections on Wednesday, a second-straight day of record numbers. Severe cases have filled about 70 per cent of hospital beds in the region.

Osaka and the neighbouring prefectures of Hyogo and Miyagi started on Monday a month of targeted lockdown measures, to rein in a more virulent strain of the virus.

Governor of Tokyo Yuriko Koike said she was preparing to ask the central government to designate the capital as another area that requires stricter measures, adding that the number of cases with the N501Y mutation – considered more contagious – was quickly increasing in the Japanese capital.

Japan’s vaccination drive is far behind that of most major economies, with about 1 million people being given at least one dose since February.

That figure represents less than 1 per cent of the population, versus almost 2 per cent in neighbouring South Korea, which started its campaign after Japan.

United States

The B117 variant, first found in the UK, has overtaken the initial form of the virus in the US and is now the country’s most common strain, according to the head of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

US president Joe Biden will offer Covid-19 vaccine shipments to all of the nation’s community health centres, adding 2,500 delivery sites in a programme aimed at closing the racial gap in inoculations.

In Alabama, governor Kay Ivey lifted the state’s mask mandate, saying the order would go into effect on Friday. Individuals are still “strongly encouraged” to wear face coverings when in public or in close contact with others, the governor said in a statement. Texas and Indiana also dropped their mask mandates.

In Denver, 11 people suffered adverse effects such as nausea and dizziness on Wednesday after receiving the Johnson and Johnson Covid-19 vaccine at a community vaccination event, the Colorado department of public health and environment said. Two of the people were transported to hospital for observation “out of an abundance of caution” and the others received first aid at the site in Commerce City, the department said.

Mexico

Mexico’s foreign secretary Marcelo Ebrard will soon travel to the US to press for more vaccines from its northern neighbour to help get through a supply crunch during the next three months, Mr Ebrad’s deputy said.

Delgado said Mexico had a “permanent petition” for any available vaccines from the US, such as the AstraZeneca shot that has yet to be approved by regulators there.

Canada

Canada’s largest province, Ontario, which is home to more than 14.7 million people, has declared a state of emergency, forcing most retail stores to operate under new restrictions. It said it would change its inoculation strategy as it battles a new, more dangerous Covid wave.

A stay-at home order for the region started on Thursday and will remain in place for four weeks. Most shops will be required to shut their doors, serving customers only through delivery or outdoor pick-up.

Italy

Italy’s government is working on plan to make “Covid-free” islands, including Capri, Ischia, Ponza and Elba, by the summer in order to save the tourist season, newspaper Il Messaggero reported. Vaccinations of local residents will be prioritised, following in the footsteps of Greece, according to the report.

Uruguay

Uruguay could start to see the benefits of its vaccination programme as soon as late April or early May, president Luis Lacalle Pou said. Some 860,000 people will have received two CoronaVac doses by the end of May and the government is seeking more vaccines in case it decided to inoculate people under the age of 18 or give adults a third dose. – Bloomberg, Associated Press, Reuters