July 15. 2024. 7:00

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The Imperative of Net Neutrality for Europe’s Startup Ecosystem


A free and open Internet is the engine of innovation and growth. The Internet as we know it has made it easier to set up a business online than open a brick-and-mortar cafe. The cost of entry to business is now so low that startups can compete with larger, incumbent players on the basis of their products and services, and not simply by the size of their pockets. Therefore, in today’s digital age, the vitality of the European economy increasingly hinges on its ability to foster innovation and maintain an open, competitive market. The European Commission’s white paper on “How to Master Europe’s Digital Infrastructure Needs” underscores the necessity of robust digital frameworks. However, the recent discourse surrounding the potential introduction of network fees constitutes a significant threat to this vision. Upholding net neutrality is paramount, particularly for startups, which serve as the bedrock of innovation, economic growth, and strategic autonomy within the European Union.

Net neutrality, the principle that Internet Service Providers (ISPs) must treat all data on the Internet the same way, is essential for ensuring a level playing field. For startups, this principle is not merely a regulatory preference but a fundamental prerequisite for survival and competitiveness. Unlike established corporations, startups do not have capital at their inception to be able to pay telecom companies to pay for prioritised access to network resources. They can never compete against the financial power of larger, incumbent companies, and would be at risk of seeing consumer access to their services throttled. This would solidify the market dominance of incumbents and ensure that startups could never challenge them.

The proposed introduction of network fees would fundamentally undermine the principle of net neutrality in Europe. The principle of “pay for access” inherent in this proposal firmly entrenches the principle of a financial relationship between ISPs and those providing services on the Internet. This will create a tiered Internet, where only the wealthiest players could afford to compete, effectively stifling smaller companies before they have a chance to innovate and grow.

The detrimental impact of network fees on startups cannot be overstated. These fees would impose significant financial burdens, diverting critical resources of startups away from research and development, talent acquisition, and market expansion. Startups drive innovation by challenging the status quo and bringing disruptive technologies to the market.

In dual-use technologies – technologies that can serve both civilian and military applications – startups play a crucial role too. From quantum computing and cybersecurity to artificial intelligence, these innovations are essential for both economic prosperity and security in the European Union. By undermining startups’ ability to compete, network fees would substantially hinder the development of these critical technologies in the EU, jeopardising the bloc’s strategic autonomy and security.

Moreover, network fees would exacerbate the already significant challenges faced by startups in scaling their operations. The European startup ecosystem, while vibrant, is still nascent in comparison to its counterparts in North America and Asia. Introducing financial barriers would widen this gap, making it harder for European startups to reach a global audience. This disparity would not only hinder economic growth but also lead to a so-called “brain drain”, as entrepreneurs and talent move to more favourable environments, further weakening Europe’s competitiveness.

The economic implications of stifling startup growth are profound too. Startups are major drivers of job creation and economic growth. They contribute significantly to employment, innovation, and the diversification of the economy. By fostering a robust startup ecosystem, the EU can ensure sustainable economic growth and resilience against economic shocks. In contrast, network fees would consolidate market power in the hands of a few large corporations, reducing market dynamism and consumer choice.

Additionally, the security implications of undermining startups are equally concerning. Europe’s open strategic autonomy hinges on its ability to innovate and maintain technological self-sufficiency. Startups are at the forefront of developing technologies that enhance both civilian and military capabilities. A weakened startup ecosystem would leave

Europe vulnerable, reliant on external technologies that may not align with the EU’s strategic interests and values. Ensuring that startups can thrive without the burden of network fees is, therefore, a matter of economic and military security.

In conclusion, preserving net neutrality is not just about maintaining an open Internet; it is about safeguarding the future of Europe’s economy, innovation potential, and strategic autonomy. The European Commission must recognise that introducing network fees would disproportionately harm startups, stifle innovation, and ultimately undermine the EU’s long-term goals. By championing net neutrality, Europe can create a fertile ground for startups to flourish, driving economic growth, enhancing security, and ensuring that the EU remains a global leader in innovation.