May 17. 2021. 4:27

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India’s Covid crisis: Oxygen hoarding causing shortages, doctors warn

Workers load oxygen cylinders at a refilling station on the outskirts of Prayagraj, India. Photograph: Rajesh Kumar Singh/AP

People are hoarding oxygen and vital medicines in homes in India, creating panic and causing shortages in hospitals treating critically ill Covid patients, senior Indian doctors have said.

India recorded another 352,991 new coronavirus cases on Monday, breaking its own global record for the fifth straight day, and 2,812 new deaths, its highest daily figure for fatalities.

In the week to April 25th, the country recorded a cumulative 89 per cent increase in Covid deaths compared with the week before, and a total of 2.2 million new cases – the highest seven-day increase experienced anywhere in the world. Total confirmed infections have passed 17 million.

“Hoarding of injections like remdesivir and oxygen in homes is creating a panic and this hoarding is causing a shortage of these medicines,” said Dr Randeep Guleria, the director of India’s Institute of Medical Sciences, in a statement released by the ministry of health on Sunday night.

Dr Guleria said most people should not need to be treated with oxygen and holding it in private homes could reduce availability for critical patients. He emphasised, too, that Remdesivir was no “magic bullet”.

“Covid-19 is [a] mild infection and 85-90 per cent people will only suffer from cold, fever, sore throat and body ache. Only symptomatic treatment at home is enough to ride through these infections and there is no need for oxygen or Remdesivir,” he said.

Hospital shortages

Demand for oxygen has risen more than 20 per cent nationally in the past few days. In Delhi, hospitals have been reeling from acute oxygen shortages, sometimes coming within 30 minutes of supply running dry, putting hundreds of lives at risk.

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On Saturday, 20 patients died at Jaipur Golden hospital in the capital during a severe oxygen crisis. On Sunday, four patients at Gurgaon’s Kathuria hospital and four patients at Virat hospital in Rewari, both sout-west of Delhi, all died when the facilities ran out of oxygen.

People line up bodies of those who died of Covid-19 at a crematorium in New Delhi. Photograph: Altaf Qadri/AP

After hospitals issued a number of warnings last week about their low oxygen supplies, some relatives of patients turned to sourcing oxygen themselves.

One man told NDTV he had stood in a long queue to fill a 10-litre oxygen cylinder for his 65-year-old father who was in Pentamed hospital in Delhi. Another relative said his brother had been in hospital for 10 days and the family was sourcing oxygen itself.

A thriving black market has also emerged for oxygen and Remdesivir, with cylinders and injections selling for exorbitant prices. Over the weekend, three men were arrested for attempting to sell Remdesivir injections for 40,000 rupees (€442) each.

Lockdown in Delhi has been extended until May 3rd as cases continue to rise across the country. On Sunday, the southern city of Bengaluru became the first after Delhi to record more than 20,000 new cases in a day.

International pledges

The US on Sunday led international pledges of support for India as the country grappled with worsening crisis. Joe Biden said the US was “determined to help India in its time of need”, immediately making available supplies of vaccine-production material, therapeutics, tests, ventilators and protective equipment.

“The United States has identified sources of specific raw material urgently required for Indian manufacture of the Covishield vaccine,” a White House statement said, referring to the India-produced version of the AstraZeneca shot.

But it did not mention whether the US would send millions of surplus AstraZeneca vaccine doses to India, after top US pandemic adviser Anthony Fauci said on Sunday that would be considered.

The UK announced it had dispatched ventilators and oxygen to Delhi and France and Germany were set to send much-needed oxygen to the countries in the coming days.

Irish officials are assessing a plan to provide oxygen and ventilators to India, working with the EU, according to Tánaiste Leo Varadkar.

Pakistan, a traditional foe of India, offered medical equipment and supplies after the prime minister, Imran Khan, tweeted prayers for a “speedy recovery”.

In the Indian capital, more than a quarter of people tested for the virus on Sunday were positive.

The prime minister, Narendra Modi, said the country had been shaken by a “storm” as he called on people to get vaccinated and not “get swayed by any rumour about the vaccines”. – Guardian